Update on Dengue Control and Prevention: SELF-PROTECTION measures

Update on Dengue Control and Prevention: SELF-PROTECTION measures

by UA&P News Desk on August 6, 2013 - 10:04 am

After inspecting the whole campus with all its facilities last Friday (2 August 2013) accompanied by DOH-Pasig officials, and identifying further dengue-preventive measures, the Special Committee is now finalizing its own “Zero Dengue UA&P” program, which is patterned after the government’s Dengue-Free Barangay project.

Aside from putting in place the periodic and non-periodic interventions to be taken by the AFM, CSA, and the HRM, the University has also been actively working with the Pasig City Hall and the Barangay San Antonio in cleaning our surroundings, e.g., the streets, the vacated Philippine Coconut Development and Research Foundation building, etc. This is a significant first step toward a Dengue-Free Barangay San Antonio. The cleaning operation is mainly a search-and-destroy operation, i.e., once a breeding ground is found, dewatering, misting, and spraying of larvicides are carried out.

While these operations are being conducted to make our campus safe, everyone is also expected to apply SELF-PROTECTION measures. And this is especially true because not all the mosquitoes are exterminated when the misting activity happens. One of these self-protection measures is that of wearing ankle-length pants and long-sleeve clothing. Another effective means is the use of an insect repellent that can be sprayed on the clothes or applied on exposed skin.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) of the United States recommends using repellents based on DEET, picaridin/icaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus for effective protection against mosquitoes.

The following are some of the repellents (available in leading drug stores locally) found to have the right concentration.
1. Guard insect repellent lotion (10% Picaridin) Php 129.75 (BFAD registered)
2. Off Overtime Lotion (25% DEET) 25 ml tube   Php 49.75 (BFAD registered)
3. Moskishield mosquito patch (Lemon eucalyptus oil) Php 149.75

Please take note of the following precautions in using repellents. (See also the CDC’s FAQ: Insect Repellent Use & Safety found in  www.cdc.gov/westnile/faq/repellent.html).

DEET (cf. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/chemicals/deet.htm)

  • Read and follow all directions and precautions on the product label.
  • Do not apply over cuts, wounds, or irritated skin.
  • DEET-based products of any concentration should not be used on infants under 6 months.
  • Do not spray in enclosed areas. Do not breathe in, swallow, or get into the eyes (DEET is toxic if swallowed.)
  • To apply to face, spray on hands first and then rub on face. Do not spray directly onto face.
  • Avoid over-application of this product. Use just enough repellent to cover exposed skin and/or clothing.
  • Use only when outdoors and wash treated skin with soap and water after coming indoors.
  • Do not use under clothing. Wash treated clothing before wearing it again.
  • Repellents should be applied no more than 3 times a day; children under 2 should not receive more than 1 application of repellent in a day.
  • Do not apply to hands or near eyes and mouth of young children.
  • Do not allow young children to apply this product.
  • Use of this product may cause skin reactions in rare cases.

Picaridin/Icaridin (cf. http://umaine.edu/ipm/ipddl/publications/5108e/)

  • Picaridin is as effective as DEET at similar concentrations. It is available in low concentrations and needs to be reapplied more frequently.
  • It is safe for children of all ages.
  • Risks of use can be reduced by always reading the entire label and following all instructions.
  • Although uncommon, some people have had skin irritation from using products containing picaridin.

Lemon Eucalyptus Oil (cf. http://umaine.edu/ipm/ipddl/publications/5108e/)

  • It is as effective as other mosquito repellents including some products that contain DEET. However, the protection offered by lemon eucalyptus oil doesn’t seem to last quite as long as DEET.
  • Lemon eucalyptus oil is safe for most adults when applied to the skin as a mosquito repellent. However, some people might have a skin reaction to the oil.
  • Lemon eucalyptus oil is unsafe to take by mouth. Avoid getting it on your lips or into your mouth.
  • A 30%, 40%, or 75% lemon eucalyptus oil solution is recommended. However, the higher concentration does not seem to be more effective than the lower concentration
  • Directions on these products suggest applying the oil no more than twice per day.
  • Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after applying the oil.

Issued by the Special Committee on Dengue Control and Prevention through the Center for Student Affairs, 5 August 2013.



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